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When making reference to G-d, we substitute the middle letter 'o' with a dash, a long-standing traditional Jewish custom.

We are charged to treat the name of G-d with reverence, even if expressed in languages other than the vernacular Hebrew. Of the many methods of respect, one is not to erase G-d's name.

While the Name of G-d is fully spelled out in our Torah scrolls and in many books, we prefer to refer to G-d's name in an abbreviated manner in electronic documents for computer displays, a medium that is by nature temporal.

We also make references to G-d as 'Hashem.'

Literally Hashem means 'The Name'

The Torah uses several words when referring to G-d.

Some refer to roles or to aspects of behavior.

In a relative sense, the four-letter name, starting with the Hebrew letter Yud, then the letter Heh, followed by the letter Vav, and ending with a Heh refers to what we can understand as G-d's essence.

Note that this does not refer to G-d's actual essence, for it this is beyond our intellect.

For example, a person may be known as Daddy and/or Hubbie. In actuality, his name may be Joe and that name best refers to his essence.

If the Torah uses one word to reference G-d, we will typically translate it as G-d.

Sometimes, the Torah uses more than one word. For instance, you may find a phrase, Hashem your G-d.

'Hashem your G-d' consists of two words in the Torah. The first is the four-letter name. The second is a word which best translates as 'your G-d.' We would therefore translate the phrase as 'Hashem (The Name) your G-d.'



In Loving Memory Of Our Father, Mr. Joseph Black (Yosef Ben Zelig) O"H
In Loving Memory Of Our Mother, Mrs. Norma Black (Nechama Bas Tzvi Hirsh) O"H


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